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20/01/2015 (Added to site)
Author(s): Zielichowska, A.; Saczko, J.; Garbiec, A.; Dubinska-Magiera, M.; Rossowska, J.; Surowiak, P.; Choromanska, A.; Daczewska, M.; Kulbacka, J.; Lage, H.

The photodynamic effect of far-red range phthalocyanines (AlPc and Pc green) supported by electropermeabilization in human gastric adenocarcinoma cells of sensitive and resistant type

Journal: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 69/1 (2015), pp. 145-152
DOI: 10.1016/j.biopha.2014.11.017
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Introduction: Electroporation (EP) is commonly applied for effective drug transport thorough cell membranes based on the application of electromagnetic field. When applied with cytostatics is called electrochemotherapy (ECT) - a quite new method of cancer treatment. A high-voltage pulses cause the formation of temporary pores in the cell membrane which create an additional way for the intracellular drug transport. In the current work EP was effectively merged with the already known photodynamic therapy (PDT) to selective photosensitizers’ delivery to diseased tissue. The application of electroporation can reduce the dose of applied drug.

Research objective: The aim of research was to evaluate the effectiveness of photodynamic reaction using two near-infrared cyanines (AlPc and Pc green) combined with electroporation in two human gastric adenocarcinoma cell lines.

Materials and methods: Two human cell lines - EPG85-257P (parental) and EPG85-257RDB (resistant to daunorubicin) - of gastric cancer were used. The effect of two photosensitizers (Aluminum 1,8,15,22-tetrakis(-phenylthio)-29H,31H-phthalocyanine chloride and Phthalocyanine green) was investigated. The efficiency of EP parameters was assessed by propidium iodide uptake. The viability assay was applied to analyze EP, PDT and EP-PDT effect. Cyanine localization was determined by confocal microscopy. Immunocytochemical evaluation of manganese superoxide dismutase and glutathione S-transferase pi was determined after applied therapies.

Results: PDT in combination with EP affected the viability of EPG85-257P and EPG85-257RDB cells negatively while both cyanine were used. The most evident changes were observed in the following concentrations: 15, 10 and 5µM. The optimal field strength for enhanced EP-PDT was 800 and 1200 V/cm. AlPc distributed selectively in the lysosomes of parental cell line.

Conclusions: PDT enhanced by EP caused decreased viability when compared to the application of PDT alone. Both phtalocyanines found to be more effective after electroporation. Due to the low concentration of light-sensitive compounds and safety of electroporation itself a treatment plan can be an alternative therapeutic modality against gastric adenocarcinomas.



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