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03/09/2013 (Added to site)
Author(s): Chopinet, L.; Roduit, C.; Rols, M.-P.; Dague, E.

Destabilization induced by electropermeabilization analyzed by atomic force microscopy

Journal: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes, 1828/9 (2013), pp. 2223-2229
DOI: 10.1016/j.bbamem.2013.05.035
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Abstract: Electropermeabilization is a physical method that uses electric field pulses to deliver molecules into cells and tissues. Despite its increasing interest in clinics, little is known about plasma membrane destabilization process occurring during electropermeabilization. In this work, we took advantage of atomic force microscopy to directly visualize the consequences of electropermeabilization in terms of membrane reorganization and to locally measure the membrane elasticity. We visualized transient rippling of membrane surface and measured a decrease in membrane elasticity by 40%. Our results obtained both on fixed and living CHO cells give evidence of an inner effect affecting the entire cell surface that may be related to cytoskeleton destabilization. Thus, AFM appears as a useful tool to investigate basic process of electroporation on living cells in absence of any staining or cell preparation.



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